Product Page Images Hidden on Mobile

My problems is occurring when viewing my store on mobile devices such as the iPhone 6s. Everything loads correctly and is displayed exactly as it should be except for the individual product images on the products’ pages. They load for a moment while the page is loading, and then disappear. The images can be seen if I use the Reader Mode on my phone, but it obviously isn’t ideal.

Any help would be greatly appreciate.

My website can be found here:

Hello there,

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